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What Are Chemical Skin Peels ?

What Are Chemical Skin Peels ?

Chemical peeling involves the application of a chemical solution to the surface of the skin to produce the careful removal of its outer layers.

Peeling (exfoliation) of the skin is a natural process. Chemical peeling is an accelerated form of exfoliation induced by the use of a chemical agent. It’s can be used on face or specific areas to remove the dead skin cells, most damaged skin layers, allowing newer, healthier skin to emerge.

Levels of peels:

  • Very superficial peels (exfoliation): these peels thin or remove the stratum corneum and do not create a wound below the stratum granulosum
  • Superficial peels (epidermal): these peels create necrosis of part or all of the epidermis, anywhere from the stratum granulosum of the basal cell layer.
  • Medium peels (papillary dermal): these peels create necrosis of the epidermis and part or all of the papillary dermis
  • Deep peels (reticular dermis): these peels create necrosis of the epidermis and papillary dermis that extends into the reticular dermis

1. Salicylic acid (BHA) – Salicylic Acid comes from the bark of the willow tree, Salicylic Acid is also aspirin based Salicylic Acid is a Beta Hydroxy Acid and much gentler on the skin compared to Alpha Hydroxy Acid and causes less irritation. Can treat only small areas and be aware of the client has ant allergies to aspirin. Skin conditions it can treat are acne, psoriasis, dandruff and acne-prone skin. It effectively exfoliates and penetrates oil-filled pores and exfoliates the dead skin cells that build up inside, thereby reducing irritation and inflammation.

Benefits of BHAs:

  • Helps break down blackheads and whiteheads.
  • Unclog pores and prevent future breakouts.
  • Can also be used on dry sensitive skin, along with ageing skin to an even appearance of tone and texture and allows for the growth of new skin.

2. Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) Comes from a variety of fruit acids such as Glycolic, Citric, Lactic, Malic and Tartaric and each acid is derived from a different source. While all AHAs share a similar molecular structure, their differences become relevant as to how each is used. They can be used to achieve these goals over a period of time or in quick sessions.

Benefits of AHAs:

  • Rough dry skin, by attracting moisture to the skin, helps to smooth the skin
  • Aging enhances the effects of other skin rejuvenation treatments
  • Acne remove the dead skin cells and unclogged the pores
  • Sun damage, even texture, complexion of skin and reverse some of the effects of UV damage
    AHAs help disintegrate the “glue” that hold dead, dry skin cells to the surface of the skin. By doing so, the epidermis is exfoliated leaving a silky texture. Removal of this external barrier enables easier, deeper penetration of other skin treatments as well.

List of Alpha Hydroxy Acids

  • GLYCOLIC ACID This is certainly the most commonly used member of the AHA family for skin rejuvenation. Glycolic acid comes from sugar cane and can also be made synthetically. Its small molecular size allows it to penetrate the skin more easily, which contributes to its effectiveness. Smallest in molecular size.
  • CITRIC ACID Largest AHA is molecular size. Exfoliation is not its main function and realistically should not be considered an exfoliator, but Citric Acid or Vitamin C has many benefits as an antioxidant as well as help stimulate collagen production within the dermis.
  • LACTIC ACID Lactic acid comes from sour milk. Dermatologists originally used it as a skin rejuvenation AHA until studies showed that glycolic acid gave superior results for this use. Is an ideal skin softener, lactic acid is frequently used by dermatologists to cut through thick, rough skin
  • TARTARIC ACID This is actually a by-product of the fermentation process that takes place while making wine. Second, largest AHA is molecular size. Generally used in combination with AHA’s.
  • MALIC ACID This is a fruit-derived AHA usually made from unripe apples and green grapes. It has little effect as a skin treatment, although generally used in anti-aging and in combination with other AHA’s.

3. Retinoic acid (Retin A) is also known as tretinoin. Derived from Vitamin A. Retinoic acid controls the differentiation program of epithelial cells. Well used in anti-aging treatments. Helps prevent degradation of sun damaged skin cells, increase hyaluronic acid levels in the skin and stimulates fibroblast growth.Also, treat an acne due to the keratinization of this disorder.

4. Jessner peel is a combined 14% salicylic acid, 14% lactic acid, and 14% resorcinol in an ethanol base. It is Superficial peeling, great for exfoliating and acne care. Modified Jessner peel is the same 3 base acids, but they can be in smaller percentages or other ingredients are included Resorcinol Peel.

5. Resorcinol is a chemical based peel Resorcinol is used to treat acne, eczema and psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis among other skin conditions. It is also used to treat corns, calluses, and warts It is sometimes combined with other acne medications, It is also used to treat corns, calluses, and warts It is sometimes combined with other acne medications, usually, sulphur, and rarely stands alone, helps break down hard, rough skin, which is good at breaking down existing blackheads and whiteheads. Works by helping to remove hard, scaly, or roughened skin.

Mostly available under a doctor’s prescription

6. TCA peel

A TCA peel is often used for the treatment of wrinkles, pigmentary changes, and skin blemishes. Many patients benefit from having TCA applied on the face, neck, and other areas that have been exposed to the sun. For spot peeling of limited areas, including around the mouth or eyes, TCA peels are often preferred because they have a less bleaching effect than solutions containing phenol, another popular peeling agent. For that reason, some medical providers have found TCA to be effective in treating darker-skinned patients.

Milder TCA peels can be frequently repeated to achieve cumulative effects, or TCA can be used to achieve a medium or even a deep peel, depending on the acid concentration and manner of application.

7. Phenol Peel

A phenol, also known as carbolic acid, a peel is sometimes recommended for treating particularly rough and/or sun-damaged facial skin. Phenol is effective in reducing the appearance of wrinkles ranging from fine lines to deeper creases. It can correct pigmentary problems, including blotchiness or age-related brown spots, and may be used to treat precancerous skin conditions.

Phenol is particularly helpful in minimizing the vertical lines that form around the mouth due to ageing. The disadvantage of phenol for spot peeling of limited areas is that it often has a bleaching effect. Unlike TCA peels, phenol cannot be used on your neck or areas. Variations in a phenol peel formula, creating a “buffered” or milder solution, may allow for greater flexibility in its use.

How is a chemical peel performed?

For light-to-medium skin peels (TCA and AHAs), your skin therapist will select the best chemical or chemical mix for your skin. The solution is then applied with a sponge, cotton pad, cotton swab, or brush, avoiding the eyes, brows and lips.

Various concentrations of an AHA may be applied weekly or at longer intervals to obtain the best result. A TCA peel is stronger and has a greater depth compared to AHAs.
A full-face deep chemical peel takes one to two hours, with more limited procedures, like treating the wrinkles above the lip, will generally take less than a half-hour. A solution is applied to the area being treated, avoiding the eyes, brows, and lips. There is a slight burning sensation, but it should be minimal since the solution also acts as an anesthetic.

After the peel solution has worked on the skin, it is neutralized with water. Approximately an hour later, a thick coating of petroleum jelly is layered over the patient’s face, covering the protective crust which rapidly develops over the area. This stays in place for one to two days. In an alternative technique, the patient’s face is covered by a “mask,” or strips of adhesive tape, with openings for the eyes and mouth, which is particularly effective in cases of severe wrinkling.

Chemical peels can treat the following skin conditions:

– Skin laxity in your lower eyelid area

– Vertical wrinkles around the mouth, forehead and crows feet

– Brown spots or blotchy skin coloring or uneven tone and sun-damaged skin

– Some precancerous skin growths

– Acne or acne scar or chicken pox scars

– Superficial facial scars from a past injury

Certain other characteristics of your skin, such as its thickness and texture, may influence whether you are a good candidate for the chemical peel. Contact us to determine which peel is best for you. Call 029361 4441

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Remove Milia That Look Like Whiteheads But They Are Not Acne

Remove Milia That Look Like Whiteheads But They Are Not Acne


September, 2017

Fleur de Lys Medispa

Remove Milia That Look Like Whiteheads But They Are Not Acne

All of us want good-looking skin. Acne is the biggest obstacle in our effort.

There are other skin problems that look like acne but are not acne. Milia is one of them. Milia are white spots on the face that can form at any age. Milia look like white pearls and most of us confuse them with whiteheads of acne. They are not whiteheads. So the treatment is different. Common acne treatment will not help remove milia but create more skin problems. Find out the difference between milia and whiteheads for a good-looking face.



Acne- what are whiteheads: whiteheads form when the dead skin cells, white blood cells, bacteria P.Acnes and sebum blocked the opening of the sebaceous glands. The gland has a closed and this comedone is called acne. This acne troubles us because if it gets further infected, it can create scarring and spoil the facial skin forever.



Milia- Milia is the accumulation of dead skin cells that is not able to get out of the skin. Milia has no infection like whiteheads and no bacteria or pus. Milia has no sebum in its formation. Our skin sheds dead skin cells everyday. Sometimes, when these cells cannot be shed out from the skin, they accumulate and form miila. When you extract a milia from the skin, you will only see white mass. They are dead skin cells.

“Don’t extract milia yourself if they are located on your eyelids. ”

Milia treatment- the only way to remove milia is to get them extracted from skin. Don’t extract milia yourself if they are located on your eyelids. The best way to prevent milia is to get the top skin layer exfoliated regularly. Get microdermabrasion done regularly. AHAs are also good for removing the top dead skin cells regularly. Vitamin A derivative creams are also good to peel off the top skin layer. Consult your skin therapist about prevention and removal.

Ways to Having Younger Looking Skin

Ways to Having Younger Looking Skin

Healthy, beautiful skin starts from within.

Here are some timeless secrets to younger looking skin, no matter what your age.

Wrinkles, altered pigmentation, loss of skin tone…. we all associate these changes with skin ageing. Age –related skin change are the result of genetically programmed change (intrinsic factors) and environmental wear and tear on the skin (extrinsic factors). While both influence the skin’ structure and function, extrinsic factors cause more changes. Every day of our lives our bodies slough off and regenerate new cells. The speed at which that process takes place when we are children is vastly different, as we get older. We are living longer as a whole. Singularly, that can be a curse or a blessing, depending on your perspective.

The best route to natural beauty and healthy skin is to take care of what you have. Sounds simple, doesn’t it? The truth is that your skin takes a beating from the environment every single day. Here are some of our favourite beauty tips for keeping your skin fresh and healthy:

1: Estimates state that 80-99% of what we see on our skin, as adults are the result of exposure to sunlight, which is referred to as photoaging. Protect your skin from harmful ultra violet (UV) rays. We all love the sun. We love being in it and we love having a beautiful tan. The truth is you can damage your skin with too much sunshine. UV rays cause skin cancer and if that isn’t bad enough it causes your skin to age faster than it should, contributing to unsightly wrinkles. If you must play in the sun, make certain you are using an adequate sunscreen. We recommends SPF 50, don’t leave home without wearing it!

2: Stay hydrated and drink plenty of water! That does not mean soda, caffeine, tea or any other type of liquid; even if it is low calories Soda (even diet soda) has a high concentration of sodium. Sodium retains fluids. You need fluid that will hydrate and flush your body free of toxins. Make sure you are drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day!

3: Use a good and rights skin care for your skin. A good skin care routine can help fight the sign of ageing. All those skin care products exist for a reason, right? A no frills routine with a cleanser, serum, moisturiser morning and night will do massive for your skin. And don’t forget to do exfoliations once or twice a week. Exfoliating helps keep your skin looking young and hydrates by shedding dead skin cells and stimulates the productions of hyaluronic acids, can also minimise the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles over time.

4: If you smoke, stop. Smoking greatly speeds up how quickly skin ages. It causes wrinkles and a dull, sallow complexion. Also if you drink alcohol, stop or drink less alcohol. Alcohol is rough on the skin. It dehydrates the skin, and in time, damages the skin. This can make us look older.

5: Eat healthy and well- balanced diet. Knowing how and what to eat, can make a huge difference in how you feel. Improper eating habits can cause depression, weight gain, illness and an overall lethargy. Weight gain causes your skin to stretch. As you get older, it loses its elasticity and you’re left with sagging skin. The best solution to this is to maintain a proper weight.

A rule of thumb for eating habits are…doesn’t eat more calories than you need to consume. Don’t go one single day without doing something extra and physical for at least 30 minutes per day. This can be 10 minutes runs or 30 minutes of vigorous aerobics, or 12 minutes of weight lifting and 18 minutes of walking.

6: Make sure you have enough sleep at least 7 hours a night.  Lack of sleep, especially chronic sleep loss, can increase the likelihood of age-related disease and impacts skin function and increased signs of intrinsic ageing such as lower skin barrier function. Also your skin gets stressed out too and that means more breakouts ahead. Establishing a routine pattern of going to bed and waking up around the same time each day is the most important thing you can do to establish good sleep habits.

7: Don’t worry, be happy. A happy outlook appears to trigger the release of endorphins. Endorphins relax the cardiovascular system and cytokines, which alert the immune system to pay attention in detecting abnormalities like cancer cells. Listen carefully to yourself. If you have put yourself down since childhood, over a lifetime, negative subliminal messages can take their toll by turning you into a pessimist. Spend one week writing down the phrases you use in yourself talk. Chances are you will find that you repeat a dozen or so phrases over and over again that reinforce that negative image. If you know about them, you can change them. Outer beauty and inner joy go hand in hand.

Here are a few quick tips for increasing joy, hope and optimism that will work no matter what your age:

*Make a list of at least 10 great things that happen to you every day.

*Laugh a lot. You’ll heal your body and your mind.

*Discover a new challenge each month.

*Try meditating for just 10 minutes each day.

Is beauty really skin deep?

The answer is yes and no. It’s a paradox, isn’t it? True beauty begins from the inside out. Don’t you wish there was some way to wriggle your nose and regain that soft skin you had as a child? Well, until someone comes up with the true Fountain of Youth we are stuck with what we have.

Just remember that getting older doesn’t have to mean you have to look old.


Fleur de Lys Medispa proud of presenting to you a cutting-edge cosmeceutical brand that is based on clinical trials and the Skin Health & Beauty Pyramid™ philosophy. Watch this space for our latest updates!

skincare treatment news

There are certain non-negotiables when it comes to saving your skin!

In a very crowded marketplace where everyone is playing the claims game, how do you make choices when it comes to selecting the best skincare system for your needs?

The Skin Health & Beauty Pyramid™ offers a solution to this challenge – it is a clinically based guide to selecting topical skincare products created from extensive scientific literature and study review on ingredients, formulations and technologies as published in the April 2014 JDD1. The Skin Health & Beauty Pyramid™ skin care strategy is the “essence” of the Elizabeth Arden PRO brand, the “roadmap” for all product formulations offering solutions for best clinical outcomes for priority skin conditions; in effect, these are the non-negotiables when it comes to saving your skin.

1. Mayoral F, Kenner J, Draelos Z, The Skin Health and Beauty Pyramid: A Clinically-Based Guide to Selecting Topical Skincare Products Journal of Drugs in Dermatology. 2014; 13:4:414-421.

The Skin Health & Beauty Pyramid™ Philosophy

The pyramid hierarchy guide to better skin health and beauty is comprised as follows:


These are “Fundamental” technologies for daily skin protection: Everyone concerned about improving skin health and beauty must be committed to a lifelong lifestyle that includes daily protection against sun and environmental exposure, otherwise every step we take to improve the appearance of our skin is undermined on a continual basis by damage accumulation from that exposure.

There are three critical “must have daily” topical skin protection ingredients that work by different modes of action to accomplish the most comprehensive needs of daily skin protection: SPF, Antioxidants & DNA enzymes – these daily essential ingredients in your skin routine will provide a new standard in topical skin protection to help minimize the visible signs of skin aging – as published in the March 2014 addition of the JDD2.


These are the “need to have” technologies for skin “transformation”- moisturization, exfoliation and cell turnover to help improve the overall skin health and beauty: To this date, after nearly 30 years since the introduction of AHAs and Retinoids, there have been no technologies with greater impact for skin transformation – they have been the pillar of skincare for three decades for a reason – they really work!


Optimize your results: These are ingredients that are “nice to have” in your skincare routine, but are not necessarily critical to achieve desired results. These ingredients include peptides and growth factors that can act as the finishing touches to your skincare regimen much like the polish on a sculpture.

The Elizabeth Arden PRO advantage knows that your Elizabeth Arden PRO skincare professional will customize product selection for your skin type and condition based on the Skin Health and Beauty Pyramid™ to provide straightforward, effective solutions.